Bible Study Guide: Matthew

This Bible Study Guide for the Book of Matthew comes from American Bible Society Resources.

What makes Matthew special?

The Gospel According to Matthew is probably best known for what is known as the Sermon on the Mount (chapters 5–7), which includes many familiar teachings of Jesus such as the Beatitudes, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Golden Rule. However, this particular Gospel is significant for a number of other reasons as well. For example:

1. Matthew has a distinct genealogy for Jesus (1:1–17; compare with Luke 3:23–38), which is tied directly to Matthew’s particular theology, and which emphasizes Jesus’s Jewish heritage and his intimate connection to the royal lineage of David

2. Matthew provides the most detailed description of Jesus’s temptation in the wilderness (4:1–11)

3. Matthew includes no less than nine parables not found anywhere else in the New Testament:

  • The Weeds (13:24–30)
  • The Hidden Treasure (13:44)
  • The Pearl (13:45–46)
  • The Dragnet (13:47–50)
  • The Householder (Storekeeper) (13:52)
  • The Unforgiving Servant (18:23–35)
  • The Workers in the Vineyard (20:1–16)
  • The Two Sons (21:28–31a)
  • The Ten Virgins (25:1–12)

4. In Matthew, everything happens as a result of divine plan—the Gospel contains no less than ten “fulfillment citations” wherein Jesus is depicted as “fulfilling” prophecy, either in terms of prediction or in the sense of giving meaning to events that foreshadowed the coming of the Messiah (1:22; 2:5, 15, 17, 23; 8:17; 12:17; 13:35; 21:4; and 27:9. Cf., 3:15; 13:14; 26:54, 56.

For the rest of this Bible Study Guide, go to the American Bible Society Resource page

The rest of this Bible Study Guide has the following:

  • Why was Matthew written?
  • What's the story behind the scene?
  • How is Matthew constructed?